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Therapeutic diet for gastric ulcer
In this material you will find recommendations on how to eat in case of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer during the recovery period after a sharp exacerbation and with a mild exacerbation. The same principles of nutrition are suitable for a mild exacerbation of chronic gastritis with preserved or increased secretion, as well as for acute gastritis during the recovery period.
What nutritional principles should you follow?
- Observe a physiologically complete diet in terms of energy value (calories - 2800-3000), protein content (90-100 g - 60% animals), fats (100 g - 30% vegetable) and carbohydrates (400-420 g). Free liquid consumption - 1.5 liters.
- Limit the use of strong causative agents of gastric secretion, irritants of its mucous membrane, as well as foods and dishes that are digested for a long time;
- Cook food mainly pureed, boiled in water or steamed;
- Bake separate dishes without crust;
- Fish and non-coarse meats can be served in chunks;
- Moderately limit table salt (10-12 g);
- Eliminate very cold and hot dishes;
- Diet: 5-6 times a day. Drink milk or cream before going to bed.
What is recommended to eat?
Bread and flour products. Also you can buy aciphex Wheat bread is used from flour of the highest, 1st and 2nd grades (yesterday's baked goods or dried). From flour products - dry biscuit, dry biscuits, baked pies, cheesecakes with cottage cheese. Cold dishes include: salads from boiled vegetables, meat, fish, meat pate; boiled tongue; finely chopped sausages - doctor's, dietary, dairy; grated cheese, lightly salted pressed caviar (no more than 15 g).
Milk soups are made from mashed or well-boiled cereals (Hercules, semolina, rice, etc.) and vegetable puree (except cabbage puree), noodles with the addition of mashed vegetables, on vegetable broth (carrot, potato). Puree soups - from boiled chicken or meat, from mashed sweet berries with semolina. Soups are seasoned with butter, egg-milk mixture, sour cream, cream, it is allowed to sprinkle with finely chopped parsley or dill.
Potatoes and vegetables. Potatoes, carrots, beets, cauliflower, pumpkin, lettuce, early zucchini and other vegetables are used steamed or in water and mashed (mashed potatoes, steamed puddings, soufflés). Mashed potatoes or cooked in pieces in milk. Green peas, ripe fresh tomatoes are used sparingly.
Cereals and pasta. Porridge made from semolina, rice, buckwheat and oatmeal should be well boiled or mashed. Soufflés, puddings, cutlets - steamed from cereals. Homemade pasta and noodles - finely chopped boiled. Eggs are cooked soft-boiled or in the form of a steam omelet, soufflé. Consumption - 2-3 pcs. in a day.
Milk and dairy products. Whole milk, natural, dry, condensed milk, cream, kefir, yogurt, fresh sour cream (in a dish) and cottage cheese (pureed) are used, as well as products made from it - cheese cakes, soufflés, lazy dumplings, puddings. Grated cheese, occasionally in slices. Fats. We recommend unsalted butter, refined vegetable oil (olive, sunflower).
The fish should be lean (fat content no more than 8%), without skin. The following types are recommended: pike perch, carp, perch, pike, ruff, navaga, ice fish, blue whiting, etc. Products from fish (portioned pieces) and fish cutlet mass are boiled in water or steamed. Meat and poultry. Only lean meats (beef, veal, rabbit) without tendons are used. Chickens and turkeys are cooked with skin boiled in water or steamed, chopped and mashed - without skin (cutlets, dumplings, meatballs, roll, mashed potatoes, soufflés, etc.). The sauces are dairy, sour cream, butter-egg, sweet. Instead of sauce, products can be poured with melted butter, sour cream. Spices - dill, parsley, vanillin, cinnamon - are limited.
Fruits and berries are used fresh, ripe, sweet, mashed, boiled and baked. Mashed potatoes, mashed compotes, jelly, jelly, sambuca, mousse, baked apples, milk jelly, whipped cream are prepared from them. From sweets, sugar, honey, jam from fruits and berries of sweet varieties, marshmallows, marshmallows are allowed.
From drinks - weak natural tea or with milk, cream; fruit or berry sweet juices, diluted with water, rosehip decoction.
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