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Dive Photo Guide


Review of the Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning Strobe
By Mike Bartick, June 16, 2021 @ 06:00 AM (EST)

A sea turtle investigates colorful coral at Palancar Reef, Cozumel, Mexico (Nikon D850, Sigma 15mm lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes on 75% power, f/14, 1/160s)

It’s been almost a decade since Sea&Sea’s YS-D1 strobe hit the market, replacing the popular YS-110α. The YS-D2, introduced a few years later, brought additional refinements, with sturdier controls and a redesigned battery compartment. This was later followed up with the YS-D2J, with production moving to Japan (hence the name tweak), ostensibly to resolve issues reported by some shooters such as blown flash bulbs and inconsistent firing. Since then, the YS-D2J has proven to be a popular choice among underwater photographers unwilling or unable to stretch to a high-end strobe, including Sea&Sea’s own flagship YS-250PRO.

In 2019, at the DEMA Show, underwater shooters were finally treated to the unveiling of the long-awaited third incarnation of the strobe, the YS-D3 Lightning, a name that clearly stated Sea&Sea’s aim to create a strobe that was quick—and reliably so. And with the retirement of the venerable YS-250PRO (my workhorse strobe of choice), the YS-D3 Lightning became the Japanese company’s new flagship flash.

Unfortunately, what happened next—the global pandemic—put the brakes on using and testing the capabilities of the YS-D3 Lightning. But eventually, at the beginning of this year, I finally got my hands on a pair of the new strobes, and started planning to get them underwater and see if they lived up to their “Lightning” moniker.

Purple-striped sea nettle, California: Despite the murky waters of Southern California, this 10-foot jelly is captured beautifully with the new strobes (Nikon D850, 60mm lens, Kraken wide-angle conversion lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes on 50% power with dome diffusers, f/18, 1/60s)

Lemon shark and photographer in midwater, Florida (Nikon D850, Sigma 15mm lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes on 50% power with dome diffusers, f/10, 1/125s)

The YS-D3 Lightning strobe was designed by Sea&Sea from the ground up as a new flagship strobe and not a redesign of the YS-D2 series. The innards of the strobe include a precision ground aspherical shape troidal lens, which allows the dual flash elements to increase the guide number slightly—from 32 for the YS-D2(J) to 33 for the YS-D3 (measured on land) while also aiming to spread the beam smoothly and evenly without the need for a diffuser. The strobe also has a simple-to-understand user interface and has the flexibility to be fired using either fiber-optic cables or electronic sync cords.

In addition to upping power output, Sea&Sea engineers have overhauled the electronics. Larger capacity condensers and a newly designed charging circuit are designed to increase reliability and durability, and decrease the lag time between flashes or recycle times. In addition to the newly designed inner workings, the strobe head also underwent some external design changes, include a collar for bayonet mounting their accessories.

New accessories for the strobe, which mount bayonet style, snap into place and are very secure, include:

  • Standard Diffuser: Increases the beam angle to 110º
  • Dome Diffuser: Widens the beam spread to 150°
  • Snoot: Reduces the spread of the beam to assist with creative lighting
  • Flash Prism: Assists with off-camera lighting
  • Diagonal ball mount: Minimizes interference between the sync cord and ball mount

The YS-D3 Lightning ships with a YS base mount, straight base mount, and the standard diffuser.

The YS-D3 Lightning has big strobe attitude, packs well for travel, and performs like a larger strobe: It’s more robust than the YS-D2, but lighter and more compact than the (now discontinued) YS-250PRO

YS-D3 Lightning Specifications

  • Guide Number: 33 or 28 with standard 110º diffuser (measured on land)
  • Beam Angle: 80° x 105° (without diffuser), 100° x 110° (with diffuser)
  • Batteries: 4 x AA (Ni-MH: 4.8V, A: 6V)
  • Number of Flashes: 220 (Ni-MH), 140 (A)
  • Color Temperature: 5800K (5500K with diffuser)
  • Exposure Control: Manual, DS-TTL, Slave TTL
  • Manual Output (GN): 11 steps (1, 1.4, 2, 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11, 16, 22, 33)
  • LED Target Light Output: 2 steps (does not turn off when strobe is fired)
  • Weight on Land: Approx. 26oz (with four Eneloop batteries and ball mount)
  • Weight Underwater: Nearly neutral (with four Eneloop batteries and ball mount)
  • Depth Rating: 330ft (100m)

Hairy frogfish at Blue Heron Bridge, West Palm Beach, Florida: Natural, warm colors with even lighting using a single strobe on half power. This was shot in four feet of water on a sunny day with very minimal aqua tones bleeding into the frame (Nikon D850, 105mm lens, single Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobe on 50% power with standard diffuser, f/8, 1/200s)

Kelp forest reefscape, California: Backscatter is tougher to manage here due to the particulate in the water, but California reef scenes are uniquely beautiful when captured just right (Nikon D850, 60mm lens, Kraken wide-angle conversion lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes with dome diffusers, f/16, 1/50s)


Testing the YS-D3 Lightning

I’ve been using the YS-D3 Lightning strobes in a variety of scenarios over the last few months in California, Florida and Cozumel. From macro to wide angle, blue water to blackwater, chilly kelp forests to sun-dappled reefs, I've dived from shore and by boat, I’ve trudged through parking lots, and I’ve been humiliated by breaking waves trying to get out of the water a few times. Here are my impressions of how the strobes performed.

Shooting Modes

The colored backlit panel on the YS-D3 Lightning makes it very easy to see which mode you’re working in at a glance.

Shooting modes (clockwise from top-left): DS-TTLII, Manual with pre-flash, Manual without pre-flash, Slave TTL

Battery Life and Recycle Times

My general rule of thumb is to swap batteries after two dives—no matter what—but with the YS-D3 Lightning strobes, I’ve gone three dives without any issues. Using standard Eneloop Ni-MH 1900mAh batteries, I achieved 200 to 225 flashes at full power. This increased to more than 275 flashes at 75% power. And shooting a typical combination of macro and wide angle at 50% and 75% power, I could comfortably do three dives before swapping batteries.

Recycle times were also impressive—under two seconds when shooting at full power using Eneloop Ni-MH 1900mAh batteries. When dropping to 75% power, the recycle time was under a second, though I found the strobe needed a little break after three or four rapid discharges. At 50% power, the recycle time was imperceptible: I could fire away without waiting.

Janolus nudibranch, California: These slugs really pop against a black background. Using inward facing lighting and the standard diffusers, the strobe’s beam angle is very easy to control, even when your subject is near a reef (Nikon D850, 60mm lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes on 75% power, f/22, 1/160s)

Blenny emerging from a crevice on the reef, Cozumel: Strobe power is easy to manage without looking at the power selector. Positive clicks step up or down, making dialing in the output very easy (Nikon D850, 105mm lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes on 75% power, f/8, 1/80s)

Aggregating grunts and snappers off Cozumel: This scene was easy to expose using the strobes with dome diffusers (Nikon D850, 60mm lens, Kraken wide-angle conversion lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes on 50% power with dome diffusers, f/14, 1/125s)


I tried all of the accessories available for the YS-D3 Lightning and found that the strobes generally performed well in a variety of conditions with all of them.

  • Snoot: The snoot quickly and easily snaps into place—as do all of the bayonet mount accessories—allowing the user to drastically reduce beam spread. The snoot is equipped with a small diffuser, which creates a gentler light falloff at the beam edges. The strobe’s focus light becomes the snoot’s targeting light, which is accurate and effective for macro subjects such as larger nudibranchs. I like the fact that the targeting light does not turn off between shots, which makes it easier to keep your eye on the prize. The downside of the snoot is that the aperture is too large for super-macro.
  • Dome Diffuser: I used the dome diffusers for both wide-angle and close-focus wide angle shots and found that the increased beam spread is easy to manage and really works well in helping control backscatter. The intensity of the output is softened slightly, so getting close to your subject while shooting at higher powers is easy to manage. This is very apparent when shooting aggregations of fish, particularly when there are both reflective and darker fish hanging out together. I’ve come to love the dome diffusers with these strobes.
  • Flash Prism: The flash prism works well to slave on camera or off and even works with off-brand products that require slaving. They are small and highly sensitive, and fit right into the strobe head. My topside testing showed a sensitivity range on low power of about 10-plus feet. Underwater is approximately the same, depending on visibility, increasing the distance with a clear line of site.

Barrel sponges and boat, Cozumel: The strobes bring out the colorful contrast with the cerulean water (Nikon D850, 15mm lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes with dome diffusers, f/10, 1/200s)

Snooted Hopkins’ rose nudibranchs, Laguna Beach, California: These lovely pink slugs are always fun to photograph, but seem to favor areas with heavy surge, so a little stretching is required before hunting them (Nikon D850, 105mm lens, single Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobe on 75% power with snoot, f/20, 1/250s)

Blackwater Photography

The YS-D3 Lightning works extremely well for blackwater photography. Shooting at 50% power with the dome diffuser has allowed me to up my game a touch, with better exposures and faster recycle times. Transparent subjects can be tough to expose well and shooting them is counterintuitive: Less power actually results in a better exposure at open apertures, and with the YS-D3’s fast recycle times, you can fire away at will. 

A rare deep water Brachioteuthid squid cruising the Florida Gulf Stream (Nikon D850, 60mm macro, Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning at 50% power and with dome diffusers, f/14, 1/200s)

A juvenile jack rides a jellyfish during a blackwater dive off Cozumel (Nikon D850, 60mm macro, Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning at 50% power and with dome diffusers, f/14, 1/200s)

A diamond squid flush with incredible colors, deep in the Gulf Stream off the Atlantic coast of Florida (Nikon D850, 60mm macro, Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning at 50% power and with dome diffusers, f/14, 1/200s)

A spotted ribbonfish captured during a blackwater dive in South Florida (Nikon D850, 60mm macro, Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning at 50% power and with dome diffusers, f/14, 1/200s)

An Atlantic flyingfish reflected at the surface on a blackwater dive, Florida (Nikon D850, 60mm macro, Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning at 50% power and with dome diffusers, f/14, 1/200s)


One of the things that keeps me coming back to the Sea&Sea brand is the reliability of their products. The YS-D3 Lightning is durable in everyday use and easy to operate, and offers consistent performance regardless of conditions. I should also confess that I unintentionally tested the strobe’s ability to handle a flooded battery compartment… And it turns out that after a quick rinse and battery swap, the strobe worked like a charm again!

Having said all that, some YS-D2 users will recognize that there is a huge elephant in the room in regards to that strobe’s known reliability issues. While these problems were rectified in the later YS-D2J model, I believe that the new YS-D3 Lightning strobes will further restore any lost faith in the Sea&Sea brand.

Red finger gorgonians among the kelp, California (Nikon D850, 60mm lens, Kraken wide-angle conversion lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes on 50% power with dome diffusers, f/14, 1/40s)

A photographer on Governor’s wreck in South Florida (Nikon D850, 60mm lens, Kraken wide-angle conversion lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes on 50% power, f/14, 1/100s)


Final Thoughts

Blue water, blackwater, green water, macro or wide, I’ve found the YS-D3 Lightning strobes to be fast, responsive and accurate. With quick recycle times, the strobes are a pleasure to shoot, while the dome diffusers add a level of forgivingness and beam spread that I’m very happy with overall. I found myself excited to dive with these strobes and felt that they could take whatever I demanded of them. Their simple, travel-friendly design makes them an even easier choice, whether you’re doing local shore dives or trotting around the globe.

The retail price ($850) positions the YS-D3 Lightning on the strobe market well, too, coming in much less expensive than many of its high-end competitors. I’m confident that the YS-D3 Lightning will continue proving itself to be a worthy new flagship strobe for Sea&Sea.

A classic reef scene off Cozumel: The clean cobalt waters of Cozumel make for great backgrounds, and the cracks and mini-caverns are full of fans and sponges with nice contrasting colors (Nikon D850, 60mm lens, Kraken wide-angle conversion lens, dual Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning strobes with dome diffusers, f/13, 1/60s)


About the Author: Mike Bartick is a working underwater photographer residing in Anilao, Philippines. He has an insatiable love for finding unique marine life, observing and photographing their behavior, and sharing his insight and knowledge with others. His curiosity and drive for firsthand experiences have led him across the globe in search of that special critter encounter. Mike is a widely published, award-winning photographer, writer and international public speaker with work appearing monthly across various magazines, websites and online publications. He also hosts photo clinics, workshops and seminars at Crystal Blue Resort, concentrating on different aspects of underwater photography as well as the natural history of Southeast Asia and the Indo-Pacific. www.saltwaterphoto.com


When purchasing underwater photography equipment like the products mentioned in this article, please support DPG by supporting our retail partner—Backscatter.com
Sea&Sea YS-D3 Lightning
Sea&Sea YS-D3 Snoot
Sea&Sea YS-D3 Dome Diffuser



Elma Pierrel
Jun 17, 2021 2:33 AM
Elma Pierrel wrote:
Tiny turtle for the win ! Good review of the sea man
syara walter
Jun 17, 2021 5:18 AM
syara walter wrote:
I am affected by your photography skills.
Charlie Thomas
Jun 18, 2021 7:40 AM
Charlie Thomas wrote:
Waooo!!! beautiful pics share with us :-)
rianne monroe
Jun 25, 2021 1:06 AM
rianne monroe wrote:
such a fabulous collections...
Lonie Ladma
Jun 28, 2021 3:19 AM
Lonie Ladma wrote:
Wonderful pics...
Jauntio Martin
Jun 30, 2021 5:20 AM
Jauntio Martin wrote:
I am also planning a trip this year
Clara Barr
Jul 1, 2021 11:39 PM
Clara Barr wrote:
Wonderful pics
John Willion
Jul 3, 2021 6:51 AM
John Willion wrote:
Thanks for sharing amazing photography
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