By Wolfgang Leander
I have often been asked, “What precisely does it take to become a proficient shark photographer?”
It’s a tough question, but simply put, as in any type of photography, you have to have a burning passion for your subject. In this specific case you have to love sharks. At least that’s a good start. Then you need to train your eye for some basic rules such as composition, contrast, and drama.
Shark Photography- Old School
Folks who know me call me a purist. I have an old Nikonos V, and only two moderate wide-angle lenses (28 and 20mm). I would never use a fisheye because of the distortion. Extreme wide-angles, preferred by many underwater photographers today, make for interesting, sometimes very dramatic effects but they do not reproduce reality. And I am for the real stuff.
Ah, yes, and I love black and white film. Black and white images are both classically retro and excitingly avant-garde.The graphic effect of black and white images is, to me, far superior to color photographs. Composition and graphic impact - those are the only two criteria that count.
That is the way I feel—“De gustibus non est disputandum.” “There is no disputing when it comes to taste.”
What is essential: Composition, composition, composition. Sometimes I tilt the camera a bit to get the sharks diagonally in the frame. Interaction with divers always has to be calm, yet dramatic. If either the diver or the shark is cropped in the process of photographing that’s not a problem—it’s the reality of how we would see it underwater.
Avoid anything that sidetracks the view from the subject. Get the shark, if possible, against a clean background. Nothing is more annoying than having the perfect shot in your viewfinder, finger on the shutter, when all of a sudden another fish gets into the frame. However, with a little luck this could greatly enhance your composition as well.
Breathold Shark Photography
I have always (and only) free-dived. I love to swim, free-dive, and interact with sharks. Photography has been a passion of mine since I was 14. Thus, it was almost logical that I would photograph sharks while free-diving.
Interacting and photographing sharks comes naturally when you consider that you are "free" of the cumbersome scuba equipment. Not breathing underwater makes it easier to approach sharks, or, better yet, let them approach you.
Why do I free-dive? Because I am a mammal as are dolphins, seals, and whales. When I free-dive, I do not swim under water- I flow.
Practice Makes Perfect
Practice at lot, learn from your mistakes, and don't despair. But at the same time, if you really want to become above average, you have to be mercilessly critical with yourself.
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