Source: National Geographic
Traditionally, environmentalists have discouraged consumers from eating farmed salmon due to the negative impact aquaculture can have on the environment, but a new set of farming standards developed in 2010 (called the Aquaculture Stewardship Council) is leading the way toward healthier and more sustainable salmon fishing.
The Aquaculture Stewardship Council developed 152 different measures for farms to follow, including limits on the usage of antibiotics, guidelines on what fish can be fed, a prohibition on genetic engineering, and limiting the amount of fish that escape into the wild. While only a few Norwegian farms currently meet these criteria, another 15 salmon aquaculture companies (representing 70 percent of the total farmed salmon market) have pledged to meet these standards by 2020.
Globally, 70 percent of consumed salmon comes from aquaculture, with the United States being the biggest market.
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